BOBAN AND MOLLY PDF

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Boban and Molly Malayalam: It was first published in and has been in print ever since. Boban and Molly, twin brother and sister from the rural environs of central Travancore became popular in Kerala through the Malayala Manorama weeklywhich published the strip for almost four decades.

Boban and Molly

Toms achieved enormous success and fame through Boban and Molly, and became one of the most influential comic artists in Kerala. The political and social issues are predominantly discussed in the series produced in the later period. The main characters of the series, two year-old twins.

They hail from a middle class Christian family in central Travancore. It is known that Toms named Boban and Molly after bpban children in his neighbourhood who one day came to him and asked him to draw their picture. A little dog owned by the Pothan family.

The dog can be seen with the kids in almost every panel. The foolish president of the Kizhukkamthookku gram panchayat. The author often uses Ashan to introduce and explain contemporary events and political changes anc the society.

The character is famous for his impish pranks and innocent retorts. The strips anr narrates the mischievous antics of the six-year-old, who constantly puts his parents bkban teachers in a spot of trouble. It was only after an infamous legal battle with Malayala Manoramathe “Toms Magazine” came into stands. The controversy became a debating point in the local media and later attracted mo,ly attention of the national media. Toms joined Malayala Bohan, the most popular daily in Kerala, as a cartoonist inand worked there till retiring as an assistant editor in June After leaving the Malayala Manorama, he started publishing the strip in the magazine Kalakaumudiagainst which the Manorama went to court.

A local court temporarily restrained Toms and permitted Manorama to continue publication of the Boban and Molly. It is said that Toms even influenced the way a Malayali read a magazine — from back to front— thanks to his strip which appeared in the back pages of the Malayala Manorama weekly.

It was first published as a weekly on 22 Marchthe Malayalam title Manorama roughly translates to entertainer. It is also the second oldest newspaper in Kerala in circulation, after Deepika, according to World Association of Newspapers, as ofit holds a position as the fifth most circulating newspaper in the world. According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations figures, it is an third largest circulating newspapers in India, the Malayala Manorama Company is a private LLC corporation owned by the Kandathil family of Kottayam.

Malayala Manorama Company was incorporated by Kandathil Varghese Mappillai at Kottayam on 14 Marchthe company started with one hundred shares of Rs each. The investors paid in four equal instalments, with the first instalment, the company brought a Hopkinson and Cope press, made in London.

A local craftsman, Konthi Achari, was hired to make Malayalam types for the imported press, Mappillai had worked for a year as editor of Kerala Mitram, a Malayalam newspaper run by Gujarati businessman Devji Bhimji, in Cochin.

First issue of Malayala Manorama published on 22 March from M. D Seminary Kottayam and it was a four-page weekly newspaper, published on Saturdays. Moolly weekly newspaper became a bi-weekly ina tri-weekly on 2 JulybobaTravancore state proscribed Malayala Manorama daily. Mammen Mappillai was convicted and imprisoned on charges of corruption and fraud, Malayala Manorama re-commenced regular publication in Mammen Bobam death, his mollly son K.

M, cheriyan took over as the Editor-in-Chief in Malayala Manorama was produced in an edition in the central Kerala town of Kottayam with a circulation of 28, copies.

However, by the late s, Manorama steadily increased circulation and overtook Mathrubhumi in circulation, the struggle between Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi demonstrated the forces that would drive the expansion of Indian regional newspapers.

The contest also illustrated the difficulties if expansion had to rely on Gutenberg-style printing as with the case of Manorama, comparison of circulation Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi InMathrubhoomi launched its second edition in Kochi.

The new edition sent Mathrubumi to a circulation ofcopies by ,19, more than its rival, with Mathrubhoomis circulation rising, it became a compulsion for Manorama to expand its reach, and consequently, introduce new technology.

The competition set off a struggle for more readers, faster equipment. Manorama launched its centre at Calicut, Malabar in with a cast-off press from the papers base at Kottayam.

But in the run-up to that event, it had installed an offset press at Kottayam, byit was the leading daily in Kerala. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was designated as a Classical Language in India in and it was developed to the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century.

Malayalam has official status in the state of Kerala and in the union territories of Lakshadweep. It belongs to the Dravidian family of languages and is spoken by some 38 million people, according to one theory, Malayalam originated from Middle Tamil in the 7th century. However, the current understanding proposes the separation of Malayalam from Proto-Dravidian in the pre-historic era, Malayalam incorporated many elements from Sanskrit through the ages.

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Before Malayalam came into being, Old Tamil was used in literature and courts of a region called Tamilakam, including present day Kerala state, silappatikaramit was written by Chera prince Ilango Adigal from Chunkaparra, and is considered a classic in Sangam literature. Modern Malayalam still preserves many words from the ancient Tamil vocabulary of Sangam literature, the earliest script used to write Malayalam was the Vatteluttu alphabet, and later the Kolezhuttu, which derived from it.

As Malayalam began to borrow words as well as the rules of grammar from Sanskrit. This developed into the modern Malayalam script, many medieval liturgical texts were written in an admixture of Sanskrit and early Malayalam, called Manipravalam. The oldest literary work in Malayalam, distinct from the Tamil tradition, is dated from between the 9th and 11th centuries, the first travelogue in any Indian language is the Malayalam Varthamanappusthakam, written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar in Due to its lineage deriving from both Tamil and Sanskrit, the Malayalam script has the largest number of letters among the Indian language orthographies, the Malayalam script includes letters capable of representing almost all the sounds of all Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages.

Malayalam serves as a language on the islands including the Mahl-dominated Minicoy Island. The word Malayalam originated from the Sanskrit resp, Malayalam words malai or mala, meaning hill, and elam, meaning region. Malayalam thus translates as hill region and used to refer to the land of the Chera dynasty, the language Malayalam is alternatively called Alealum, Malayalani, Malayali, Malean, Maliyad, and Mallealle. The word Malayalam originally meant only for the name of the region, Malayanma or Malayayma represented the language.

With the emergence of modern Malayalam language, the name of the language started to be known by the name of the region, hence now, the word Malayanma is considered by some to represent the olden Malayalam language.

The language got the name Malayalam during the mid 19th century, the origin of Malayalam, an independent offshoot of the proto-Dravidian language, has been and continues to be an engaging pursuit among comparative historical linguists. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.

Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia.

In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the midth century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the midth under British crown rule.

A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, inthe Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.

Following market-based economic reforms inIndia became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations.

India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.

Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety.

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It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, the official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell at its center. In the early 19th century, the became a princely state of the British Empire. When the region was part of the Chera empire, it was known as Thiruvazhumkode. It mollg contracted to Thiruvankode, and anglicised by the English to Travancore. In course of time, the Ay kingdom, part of the Chera empire, which ruled the Thiruvazhumkode area, became independent, the Aayis controlled the land from present day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district.

Boban and Molly – Wikipedia

There were two capitals, the one at Kollam and a subsidiary one at Thrippapur. The kingdom was also called Venad. Kings of Venad had, at times, travelled from Kollam bogan built residential palaces in Thiruvithamcode.

By the time of King Marthanda Varma, the half of the kingdom had become dominant. During his reign, it absorbed the north and Thiruvithamcode or Travancore became the official name, Travancore was located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. Geographically, Travancore was divided into three distinct regions, the eastern highlands, the central midlands, and the western lowlands.

Venad was a moloy at the tip of the Indian Subcontinent. Till the end of the 11th century AD, it was a principality in the Ay Kingdom.

The Ays were the earliest ruling dynasty in southern Kerala, who, at their zenith and their capital during the first Sangam age was in Aykudi and later, towards the end of the 8th century AD, bboban at Quilon.

Though a series of attacks by the resurgent Pandyas between the 7th and 8th centuries caused the decline of the Ays, the dynasty was powerful till the beginning of the 10th century, when the Ay power diminished, Venad became the southernmost principality of the Second Chera Kingdom.

An invasion of the Cholas into Moolly caused the destruction of Kollam inhowever, the Chera capital, Mahodayapuram, also fell in the subsequent Chola attack, which compelled the Chera king, Rama varma Kulasekara, to shift his capital to Kollam. Thus the end of the Second Chera dynasty in the 12th century marks the independence of Venad, the history of Travancore began with Marthanda Varma, who inherited the kingdom of Venad, and expanded it into Travancore during his reign.

It was formed on 1 November following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions, spread over 38, km2, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33, inhabitants as per the Census, Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.

The region has been a prominent spice exporter since BCE, the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala, though it frequently struggled against attacks by the neighbouring Cholas and Pandyas.

In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, after independence, Travancore and Cochin joined the Republic of India and Travancore-Cochin was given the status of a state in InKerala state was formed by merging Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin, Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity.

The culture is a synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India, the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, the states coastline extends for kilometres, and around 1.

The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English, Kerala is moly of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. The name Kerala has an uncertain etymology, One popular adn derives Kerala from Kera and alam is land, thus land of coconuts, this also happens to be a nickname for the state due to abundance of coconut trees and its use by the locals.

The word Kerala is first recorded in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, the inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra, or son of Chera.

This contradicts the theory that Kera is from coconut tree, at that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil, Chera and Kera are variants of the same word.