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Read the latest magazines about Yetzirah and discover magazines on Yumpu. com. El SEPHER YETZIRAH en Español y · felizond. El SEPHER. Podemos entender como los poetas de la literatura Hebrea cuando se en su Libro el Sefer Yetzirah, denominada El Nombre de Dios en Hebreo, esta. Manuscritos Hebreos y Arameos de la Biblia (Rome, ), pp. This device was apparently also used by Saadia Gaon in his commentary on Sefer Yetzirah, p.

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Mysticism in religious Zionism.

Non-Orthodox interest in Jewish mysticism. The Sefer Yetzirah is devoted to speculations concerning God’s creation of the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Sefer Yetzirah shows how the sephirot are a creation of God and the will of God in its varied manifestations. Views Read Em View history. Both systems attach great importance hebeeo the power of the combinations and permutations of the letters in explaining the genesis and development of multiplicity from unity.

By thirty-two mysterious paths of wisdom Jah has engraved [all things], [who is] the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, the living God, the Almighty God, He heebreo is uplifted and exalted, He that Dwells forever, and whose Name is holy; having created His world by three [derivatives] of [the Hebrew root-word] s e f a r: According to modern historians, the origin of the text is unknown, and hotly debated.

Instead of the immediate creation ex nihiloboth works postulate a series of emanations of mediums between God and the universe; and both consider God as the first cause only, and not as the immediate efficient cause of the world. The difficulty is rendered still greater by the lack of a critical edition, the present text being much interpolated and altered.

A book of the same name was circulated among the Chassidei Sephet Rhineland mystics between the eleventh and 13th centuries, for whom it became a espall of magical speculation. The twelve “simple” letters created the twelve signs of the zodiac, whose relation to the earth is always simple or stable; and to them belong the twelve months in time, and the twelve “leaders” in yetziah. While the ideas of heaven and hell are left unmentioned in the book, it teaches that the virtuous man is rewarded by a favorable attitude of nature, while the wicked man finds it hostile to him.


Yetzirah is sephrr literally translated as “Formation”; the word Briah is used for “Creation”.

Thus, the name Sefer Yetzirah could refer to the act of creating or forming the cosmos, or to the cosmos itself, or hebrdo. God drew them, hewed them, combined them, weighed them, interchanged them, and through them produced the whole creation and everything that is destined to come into being” ii.

Amsterdam; Zolkiev; Korzec; Constantinople; Grodnofive commentaries ; Sefer Detail: WestcottSepher YezirahLondon; French: Besides these abstract ten Sefirotwhich are conceived only ideally, the twenty-two letters of the alphabet produced the material world, for they are real, and are the formative powers of all existence and development.

The three letters Aleph, Mem, Shin, are not only the three selher from which the other letters of the alphabet are formed, but they are also symbolical figures for the three primordial elements, the substances which underlie all yebreo.

The book describes how God used the 10 sefirot and the 22 Hebrew letters in various combinations, and finally as described in the closing section of the bookhow he revealed this secret to Abraham sepjer a covenant with him. Selective influence on Western thought. While the Sefirot are expressly designated as “abstracts”, it is said of the letters: These divisions correspond to Jewish concepts such as the 3 letters making up God’s name yudheand vavthe 7 days of the Jewish week, the 12 tribes of Israeland the 12 months of the Hebrew calendaras well as to early “scientific” or philosophical ideas such as the 4 elements fire, water, air, earththe 7 planets10 directions, the 12 zodiacal constellations, various human physical functions, and a list of the parts of the human body.

The book teaches that man is a free moral agent, and therefore a person is rewarded or punished for his or her actions. Hence the Sefirot must not be conceived as emanations in the ordinary sense of the word, but rather as modifications of the will of God, which first changes to air, then becomes water, and finally fire, the last being no further removed from God than the first.

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The shorter version Mantua I. Archived from the original on Its Doctrines, Development and Literature. A cryptic story in the Babylonian Talmud states that “On the eve of every ShabbatJudah HaNasi ‘s pupils, Rab Hanina and Rab Hoshaiahwho devoted themselves especially to cosmogonyused to create a delicious calf by means of the Sefer Yetzirahand ate it on the Sabbath.


The shorter version was also used by most of the later commentators, such as Judah b. The explanation on this point is obscure since the relation of the twenty-two letters to the ten Sefirot is not clearly defined. The “dragon” rules over the world matter and the heavenly bodies ; the sphere rules time; and the heart rules over the human body.

Singer, Isidore ; et al. The longer recension, on the other hand, was little known, the form given in the editio princeps of the Sefer Yetzirah being probably a copy of the text found in Donnolo’s commentary.

Again, as the seven double letters vary, being pronounced either hard or soft, so the seven planets are in continuous movement, approaching or receding from the earth. To harmonize the biblical statement of the creation ” ex nihilo ” with the doctrine of the primordial elements, the Sefer Yetzirah assumes a double creation, one ideal and the other real.

Sefer Yetzirah – Wikipedia

In contrast to the Jewish grammarians, who assumed a special mode of articulation for each of the five groups of sounds, the Sefer Yetzirah says that no sound can be produced without the tongue, to which the other organs of speech merely lend assistance.

As regards the relation of the two recensions, it may es;aol said that the longer form contains entire paragraphs which are not found in the shorter, while the divergent arrangement of the material often modifies the meaning essentially. Karppe, Etude sur les Origines. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat Hence the formation of the letters is described as follows:.

Mystics of 16th-century Safed. They seem to be the connecting-link between essence and form.